Argumentative essays revolve around debatable claims that must be strengthened with proper evidence. Evidence supports and strengthens the thesis statement or statement of the problem and lends it credibility. An argumentative essay requires corroborating evidence to validate or refute the central argument. Authors use supporting evidence to make their research credible, and there are different ways to include evidence. You must know the techniques and strategies to incorporate supporting evidence in an argumentative essay. This article will tell you about different ways to include evidence in an argumentative essay.
Why Using Evidence Is Important In An Argumentative Essay?
An argumentative essay is a critical piece of writing which entails a debatable claim. A debatable claim is not an opinion, and therefore it requires supporting evidence. For example, when a lawyer has to defend or prosecute a criminal in front of a jury has to argue in favour or against the criminal. But a lawyer cannot depend on rhetoric alone; he or she must use supporting evidence such as facts and data to support the arguments. Similarly, academic writing is not an opinionated piece of writing. But on the contrary, it is an argumentative discourse that critically analyses and evaluates a problem.
Moreover, you have to convince your readers about your central argument or position. But how will you do that? You can convince your readers by using the evidence effectively. Integrating evidence in academic writing builds logical consistency in your ideas and makes sense to the readers. The usage of evidence is different across different writing types. But for argumentative essays, you can use the following evidence to support your arguments:
- Factual and Statistical data from reputable sources such as government organisations and think tanks
- Textual evidence from reputable journal articles, books, reports, and dissertations. It includes quoting and paraphrasing the arguments of other authors in your writing.
- A court case or historical data from archives
- Using government reports and think tank reports on a particular issue as evidence in argumentative writing
But how will you use evidence effectively to convince your readers? Using evidence does not mean dropping quotes in writing or paraphrasing someone else’s ideas unnecessarily. But it requires incorporating the evidence in such a manner that relates to your key points. It must not disturb the flow of ideas and must be strategically placed within the text. Let’s walk you through the steps shared by an affordable essay writing service that you can use to incorporate evidence in your argumentative writing.
Using Facts And Statistics As Evidence
Facts and statistics are an effective way to provide supporting evidence for your argumentative essay. Numbers, unlike words, are straightforward and precise. They amplify your central argument and lend it credibility. But statistics and facts should not be used heedlessly in academic writing without understanding their purpose and relevance. Statistics are specific and tangible, without any doubt, but they can also create problems and disrupt the flow of ideas if you use them unnecessarily. Many writers are unfamiliar with the numbers they are using. Using statistics without explaining their purpose and relevance confuses the reader, and he or she has no idea how the facts relate to the key argument. Numbers do not speak for themselves. You will have to explain and discuss their relevance. So, you must do the following things to include facts and statistics as supporting evidence:
- Before using any statistical data, assess that your facts and statistics come from reliable sources.
- Try to understand the background of the data. For example, ask the questions who collected it? Why was it collected? What is the relevance of this data for my essay?
- Explain the facts and interpret them
- Discuss the facts and analyse their relevance with your key arguments
- Include those facts as well which contradict your assertions and evaluate them
Quotations as Evidence
You can use quotes from reputable sources such as journal articles and books to include as supporting evidence in your essay. Quotations refer to copying someone else’s ideas word to word and including them in the text with citations. Using quotations is a great way to enhance your position and strengthen your arguments. But quotations require extra care and deliberation since they can also disrupt the flow of ideas if used unnecessarily. Quotations must be incorporated in a cohesive manner to introduce the readers to a different perspective. Using quotations as supporting evidence lends more force and credibility to your key arguments. But dropping quotations without explaining their relevance is counterproductive. You must do the following to include quotations as supporting evidence in your essay.
Explain and Engage
You should not drop quotations without introducing them properly and explaining them. Use signpost language to introduce the quotations. For example, Arthur claims that” Quotation” (9). Then you will have to explain the key ideas of the cited source. You will have to engage the readers with the source by clearly communicating the meaning of the source’s ideas.
Discuss and Evaluate
The next step is to discuss the relevance of the source’s ideas to your key arguments. You will have to evaluate the strengths and arguments of the cited source. If you use more than one quotation to strengthen your key point, you will have to compare and contrast. It will enhance your central argument by initiating a dialogue between the sources. You can even buy an essay online if you cannot complete this step.
Paraphrasing as evidence
Using too many quotations in an argumentative essay is not a good strategy. So, you can also paraphrase someone’s ideas in your own words and include them as supporting evidence. Paraphrasing also requires introducing the source and explaining and discussing the source’s relevance to your key arguments.
How To Make An Outline For An Argumentative Essay?
You can make an outline for an argumentative essay by dividing the key points into different sections. An argumentative essay’s outline has the following structure:
An introduction is the first paragraph of your essay, which provides some background knowledge on the topic. It also includes the thesis statement.
The main body of a standard argumentative essay consists of three or more paragraphs. Make sure that you keep one idea per paragraph. It is the main part of the essay. Therefore, it includes supporting evidence, supporting arguments and citations.
The conclusion is the last paragraph of your essay, where you reiterate the thesis statement and wrap up the discussion. It entails justifying the significance of your stance. It is important to remember that you must not introduce any new facts or ideas in the conclusion.
Argumentative writing requires reliable and credible evidence to strengthen the key points. Smart writers incorporate supporting evidence in their essays which does not disrupt the flow of ideas. The supporting evidence must be inserted logically in the text to maintain cohesion and coherence.